Middle school

1st level of middle school

The Solar System

We will build a large model of the Solar System, which contains the Sun, the planets, their largest companions and small celestial bodies, in a workshop together. Each element will find its place on the game board. We’ll talk about the movement and structure of celestial objects. The educational programme “The Solar System I” is suitable for 1st grade students to get acquainted with the Solar System and for grade 4 to complement the topic “the Solar System”.

Study results

The student will know how to:

  • place planets in the right order

  • characterise and compare the different parts of the Solar System

  • explain the most basic working principles of the Solar System

Price: 3 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min

 

2nd level of middle school

The Solar System

We will build a large model of the Solar System, which contains the Sun, the planets, their largest companions and small celestial bodies, in a workshop together. Each element will find its place on the game board. We’ll talk about the movement and structure of celestial objects. The educational programme “The Solar System I” is suitable for 1st grade students to get acquainted with the Solar System and for grade 4 to complement the topic “the Solar System”.

Study results

The student will know how to:

  • place planets in the right order

  • characterise and compare the different parts of the Solar System

  • explain the most basic working principles of the Solar System

Price: 2 € per person

Language: Estonian, English

Length: 45–60 min

Volcanoes and Earthquakes

This educational programme will introduce the internal structure of the Earth with special emphasis on volcanoes (formation process, eruption, effects) and earthquakes (formation process, effects). Together we’ll try to find out how to study the Earth’s core, what a seismograph is, and how we can measure the magnitude of earthquakes. The educational programme “Volcanoes and Earthquakes” is most suitable for grade 4 to complement the topic “Volcanoes and earthquakes”.

Study results

The student will know how to:

  • describe the internal structure of the Earth

  • explain how the Earth’s core can be studied and why this is necessary

  • explain why volcanoes evolve and erupt

  • name the most important parts of a volcano

  • explain what causes earthquakes and what they can result in

  • behave during an earthquake

Price: 3 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min

 

The Sun and Its Movement in the Sky

This programme examines why the Sun differs from all the other objects of the Solar System. We’ll study day and night and the changing of seasons and discover why day and night are of different lengths during different seasons. We’ll also experiment and test how different length shadows are formed. The programme is especially suitable for grades 1–4 to complement the topic “The Solar System”.

Study results

The student will know how to:

  • explain what kind of celestial body the Sun is

  • explain the reasons why night and day alternate, seasons change and shadows are formed

Price: 3 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min

 

The Night Sky

At the beginning of the workshop we’ll find out what constellations are and how they were formed. We’ll learn of the constellations and their stories more closely. Then we’ll construct a rotating sky map and learn how to use it. The programme is suitable for 4th grade students to complement the topic “The night sky”. As an added bonus, the students will receive a rotating star chart, which is a useful tool for finding constellations and which they will be able to keep after they have to return their textbooks back to the school.

Study results

The student will know:

  • that the night sky consists of constellations

  • that the names of constellations are a matter of agreement

  • that the visibility of constellations depends on the date and time; the reason is that the Earth rotates about its own axis and orbits around the Sun

  • how to find constellations on a rotating sky map

Price: 3 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min

 

Time and Space

The educational programme “Time and Space” focuses on the measurement of time and longitudes and latitudes. We will construct a sundial and look at longitudes and latitudes as well as time zones. The Old Observatory is an almost ideal environment to study this topic as it is the home of the Struve Geodetic Arc and the centre for the service of the right time. The programme suits grades 4 and 7 as a complement to the topic “Cartography”.

Study results

The student will know:

  • how to explain the connection between the Earth’s shape and movement and the changing sky

  • how a sundial works

  • how to explain longitudes and latitudes and time zones

Price: 2 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min

 

The Atmosphere Game

This programme studies the different layers of the atmosphere and the processes that take place in them with the help of images, animations and videos. We’ll compare Earth’s atmosphere to the atmospheres of other celestial bodies in our Solar System, such as Venus, Mars or Saturn’s moon Titan. “The Atmosphere Game” sums up the 5th grade topic “The air” and the 8th grade topic “The climate” from natural science classes and is great both as an introduction and revision. The atmosphere and the environment affect us all so all 2nd and 3rd level students are welcome to play “The Atmosphere Game”.

Study results

The student will know:

  • what is the atmosphere and what it consists of

  • how to compare the Earth’s atmosphere to atmospheres of other celestial bodies in our Solar System

  • how to explain the processes taking place in the atmosphere

Prince: 2 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min

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3rd level of middle school

The Atmosphere Game

This programme studies the different layers of the atmosphere and the processes that take place in them with the help of images, animations and videos. We’ll compare Earth’s atmosphere to the atmospheres of other celestial bodies in our Solar System, such as Venus, Mars or Saturn’s moon Titan. “The Atmosphere Game” sums up the 5th grade topic “The air” and the 8th grade topic “The climate” from natural science classes and is great both as an introduction and revision. The atmosphere and the environment affect us all so all 2nd and 3rd level students are welcome to play “The Atmosphere Game”.

Study results

The student will know:

  • what is the atmosphere and what it consists of

  • how to compare the Earth’s atmosphere to atmospheres of other celestial bodies in our Solar System

  • how to explain the processes taking place in the atmosphere

Prince: 2 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min

 

Orbital Mechanics

Explore the movement of the planets around the Sun with the help of special instruments. The educational programme will revise Kepler’s laws of planetary motion and Newton’s law of universal gravitation, give an overview of the history of their discovery and find out how people pictured the world before these laws were phrased. The programme is suitable for grades 7 and 8 to complement the topic “Mechanics” and for high school students.

Study results

The student will know:

  • that the planets move on elliptical orbits with the Sun as one focal point

  • that the planets, their companions and the Sun affect each other with a gravitational pull

  • that in order to leave a planet’s gravitational field you need to achieve escape velocity

The student will know how to:

  • give examples of periodic movement in the Solar System

  • find the escape velocity of different astronomical objects

Price: 2 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min

 

Sunlight

We’ll study the internal structure and irradiance spectrum of the Sun and the different types of sunlight. Find out how solar radiation reaches us and how it affects us. The educational programme is great for the 7th grade topic “Thermal physics” and the 8th grade topic “Light” as well as for high school students.

Study results

The student will know:

  • that the Sun radiates light and warmth

  • that all solar radiation does not reach the Earth’s surface

The student will know how to:

  • safely observe the Sun

  • give examples of the components of sunlight on different wavelengths

  • describe the journey of sunlight from the Sun’s core to the Earth’s surface

Price: 3 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min

 

Refracting and Reflecting Telescopes

This programme will explore how light bends and reflects off the optical systems of telescopes. Using lasers we’ll learn the basic principles of how light waves move and watch how light moves inside different classical telescopes. The programme will introduce the newer and older telescopes on display in the Old Observatory. The educational programme is a good way for the 8th grade to revise the topic “The refraction and reflection of light” and for high school students to remember what they have previously learned.

Study results

The student will know:

  • the basic principles of how light moves in different lenses

  • how to decide if a surface is a good/bad reflector of light

  • how to explain the structure and working principles of the most common telescopes

  • how why contemporary observatories use reflecting telescopes

  • how to construct simple refractors and explain how they work

Price: 2 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min

 

The Night Sky

At the beginning of the workshop we’ll find out what constellations are and how they were formed. We’ll learn to know some of the constellations and their stories more closely. Then we’ll construct a rotating sky map, learn how to use it and plan observations based on it. The programme is suitable for 3rd level of education revision and as an introduction to physics. It complements the following topics from the new physics curriculum: “Introduction to physics”, “Research methods of physics”, “Models of physics”, “Mega-world physics”.

Study results

The student will know:

  • that the night sky consists of constellations

  • that the names of constellations are a matter of agreement

  • that the visibility of constellations depends on the date and time; the reason is the Earth rotates about its own axis and orbits around the Sun

The student will know how to:

  • find constellations on a rotating sky map or planisphere

  • organise an independent observing and find constellations in the sky with the help of the planisphere

Price: 3 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min

 

Land Surveying: Quadrant and Trigonometry

This programme introduces the historical ways of surveying and the simple tools used in the process. We’ll construct a paper quadrant to measure the height of different objects. The programme is suitable for upper middle school and high school students who will have the chance to test their theoretical knowledge on the right triangle and trigonometry by solving practical assignments.

Study results

The student will know:

  • what is a quadrant

  • how to use a quadrant to measure things

The student will know how to:

  • determine the height of the landscape

  • calculate height with the help of measurements and formulae

Price: 3 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min

 

Time and Space

This educational programme “Time and Space” focuses on the measurement of time and longitudes and latitudes. We will construct a sundial and look at longitudes and latitudes as well as time zones on the map. The Old Observatory is an almost ideal environment to study this topic as it is the home of the Struve Geodetic Arc and the centre for the service of the right time. The programme suits grades 4 and 7 as a complement to the topic “Cartography”.

Study results

The student will know:

  • how to explain the connection between the Earth’s shape and movement and the changing sky

  • how a sundial works

  • how to explain longitudes and latitudes and time zones

Price: 2 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min