High school

Orbital Mechanics

Explore the movement of the planets around the Sun with the help of special instruments. The educational programme will revise Kepler’s laws of planetary motion and Newton’s law of universal gravitation, give an overview of the history of their discovery and find out how people pictured the world before these laws were phrased. The programme is suitable for grades 7 and 8 to complement the topic “Mechanics” and for high school students.

Study results

The student will know:

  • that the planets move on elliptical orbits with the Sun as one focal point

  • that the planets, their companions and the Sun affect each other with a gravitational pull

  • that in order to leave a planet’s gravitational field you need to achieve escape velocity

The student will know how to:

  • give examples of periodic movement in the Solar System

  • find the escape velocity of different astronomical objects

Price: 2 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min

 

Sunlight

We’ll study the internal structure and irradiance spectrum of the Sun and the different types of sunlight. Find out whether and how solar radiation reaches us and how it affects us. The educational programme is great for the 7th grade topic “Thermal physics” and the 8th grade topic “Light” as well as for high school students.

Study results

The student will know:

  • that the Sun radiates light and warmth

  • that all solar radiation does not reach the Earth’s surface

The student will know how to:

  • safely observe the Sun

  • give examples of the components of sunlight on different wavelengths

  • describe the journey of sunlight from the Sun’s core to the Earth’s surface

Price: 3 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min

 

Refracting and Reflecting Telescopes

This programme will explore how light bends and reflects off the optical system of the telescope. Using lasers we’ll learn the basic principles of how light waves move and watch how light moves inside different classical telescopes. The programme will introduce the newer and older telescopes on display in the Old Observatory. The educational programme is a good way for the 8th grade to revise the topic “The refraction and reflection of light” and for high school students to remember what they have previously learned.

Study results

The student will know:

  • the basic principles of how light moves in different lenses

  • how to decide if a surface is a good/bad reflector of light

  • how to explain the structure and working principles of the most common telescopes

  • how why contemporary observatories use reflecting telescopes

  • how to construct simple refractors and explain how it works

Price: 2 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min

 

The Night Sky

At the beginning of the workshop we’ll find out what constellations are and how they were formed. We’ll learn to know some of the constellations and their stories more closely. Then we’ll construct a rotating sky map, learn how to use it and plan observations based on it. The programme is suitable for 3rd level of education revision and as an introduction to physics. It complements the following topics from the new physics curriculum: “Introduction to physics”, “Research methods of physics”, “Models of physics”, “Mega-world physics”.

Study results

The student will know:

  • that the night sky consists of constellations

  • that the names of constellations are a matter of agreement

  • that the visibility of constellations depends on the date and time; the reason is the Earth rotates about its own axis and orbits around the Sun

The student will know how to:

  • find constellations on a rotating sky map or planisphere

  • organise an independent observing and find constellations in the sky with the help of the planisphere

Price: 3 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min

 

Land Surveying: Quadrant and Trigonometry

This programme introduces the historical ways of surveying and the simple tools used in the process. We’ll construct a paper quadrant to measure the height of different objects. The programme is suitable for upper middle school and high school students who will have the chance to test their theoretical knowledge on the right triangle and trigonometry by solving practical assignments.

Study results

The student will know:

  • what is a quadrant

  • how to use a quadrant to measure things

The student will know how to:

  • determine the height of the landscape

  • measure height with the help of measurements and formulae

Price: 3 € per person

Language: Estonian

Length: 45–60 min